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Ecotourism in Himalayas

India, the land of varied geography offers several tourist destinations that not just de-stress but also rejuvenate you. There are several ways to enjoy Mother Nature in most pristine way. The few places like the Himalayan Region, Kerala, the northeast India, Andaman & Nicobar Islands and the Lakshdweep islands are some of the places where you can enjoy the treasured wealth of the Mother Nature. Thenmala in Kerala is the first planned ecotourism destination in India created to cater to the Eco-tourists and nature lovers.

In short, ecotourism can be categorised as a tourism programme that is – “Nature based, Ecologically sustainable, Where education and interpretation is a major constituent and Where local people are benefited.”

Ranthambore Wildlife Sanctuary
Place : Near Sawai Madhopur, Rajasthan in the north western part of India.
Major Attractions :  Tigers, Leopards, Boars.
Area Covered : 392-sq-km.
Ideal Time to Visit the Park : During the months of October – March and April to June.
Nearest Attractions : Ranthambore Fort (the 10th century fort) & Jogi Mahal in the park complex. Bakaula, Kachida Valley, Lakarda and Anantpura are also some place you can visit.Some Major Accesses : Sawai Madhopur (11 km), Alwar, Jaipur (145 km).

The Ecological System in the Ranthambore Wildlife Sanctuary
For the wildlife lovers, Ranthambore Wildlife Sanctuary Rajasthan offers an enthusiastic diversity of flora and fauna. The landscape fo the Ranthambore National Park is formed of massive rock formations, steep scarps, perennial lakes and streams and forest suddenly opening up into large areas of Savannah. The terrain of Ranthambore Wildlife Sanctuary fluctuates between impregnable forests and open bush land. Ranthambore National Park in Rajasthan is famous for its Tigers and is a delight treat for the photographers. For a relatively small area, the park has a rich diversity of fauna and flora – species list includes 300 trees, 50 aquatic plants, 272 birds, 12 reptiles including the Marsh Crocodile & amphibians and 30 mammals.

Safaris at Ranthambore Wildlife Sanctuary :
Delhi – Ranthambore – Bharatpur – Agra – Bandavgarh – Kanha – Nagpur – Mumbai

Ranthambore Wildlife Sanctuary Travel Circuit
Delhi – Ranthambore – Bharatpur – Agra – Bandavgarh – Kanha – Nagpur – Mumbai

Corbett National Park
Place : Uttaranchal, in the northern part of India
Major Attractions : Tigers, Leopards, Crocodiles
Area Covered : 1,200 sq-km
Ideal Time to Visit the Park : From November 15 to June 15. Corbett remains closed between June 16 and November 14, during the monsoons.

Nearest Attractions : Ramnagar (fishing base camp), Lohachaur (15 km) – good place for anglers,
Some Major Accesses : Dhikala is about 300 km from Delhi, 145 km from Lucknow and 51 km from Ramnagar.

The Ecological System in the Corbett National Park
India’s first national park and the first sanctuary to come under Project Tiger, Corbett National Park exhibits a variety of vegetation making it the ideal habitat for the Tiger and its prey. The varied topography comprises hilly and riverine areas, temporary marshy depressions, plateaus and ravines. In the Jim Corbett National Park are found 110 tree species, 50 mammals species, 580 bird species and 25 reptile species.

Safaris in the Corbett National Park:
Jeep and Elephant Safari in Corbett :
The Jim Corbett National Park endorses Jeep Safari, Horse Safari, Bird Safari, Elephant Safari, Fishing safari and the Nature walk. Take an early dawn elephant back safari with an authorized mahout guide.Jeeps Safari, is the most convenient and comfortable way to travel within Corbett National Park. Jeep rides can be arranged at the Tourist Centre. Although jeeps penetrate deeper into the forest than elephants, they cannot get nearly as close to the wild animals. The jeeps can be rented for the park trips from Ramnagar, from the KMVN Tourist Lodge and other travel agencies.

Jim Corbett National Park Travel Circuit :
Delhi – Agra – Jaipur -Pangot (Nainital) – Corbett National Park – Rishikesh ]

Great Himalaya National Park
Location : Stretches from Jammu & Kashmir to Arunachal Pradesh in the northeast India.
Time to Visit : Any time of the year, depending on the place you have picked to visit.
Weather : From freezing cold to desert hot.
Indian States Covered : Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttranchal, WestBengal,Sikkim, Assam, Arunachal Pradesh.

The Himalayan Wildlife :

The Himalayan region exhibits great variety in wildlife resource. This is also the place, where rare medicinal herbs grow. In the Terai – the Himalayan foothills, there are luxuriant tropical forests of Sal, Teak and Shisham. As one climbs, one comes across a variety of Chir (Pine), Oak, Deodar, Fir, Rhododendron, Birch And Juniper. One also comes across rare and endangered species of animals and birds in this region. Some areas declared as National Park for the conservation and protection of wildlife in the Himalayan region are – Corbett National Park, Uttaranchal; The Great Himalayan National Park, Himachal Pradesh; Namdapha National Park, Arunachal Pradesh; The Royal Chitwan Park, Nepal.

The Himalayan Rivers :

Major Himalayan Rivers are – Indus, Sutlej, Ganga, Yamuna, Brahmaputra. Rushing and bouncing along irregular surfaces and the beautiful meadows, the numerous rivers that meanders through the Indian mainland are central to our history as well as to Indian mythology. The major rivers of the Himalayan group are the Indus, the legendary Ganga and the majestic Brahmaputra. These rivers are fed by both snow and rain and therefore endlessly flow round the year. Himalayan rivers discharge about 70% of their inflow into the sea. This includes about 5% from central Indian rivers. They join the Ganga and drain into the Bay of Bengal. These rivers of the Himalayan group are inhabited by a large percentage of aqua lifes, creating a favourable ecosystem for the freshwater creatures.

The Himalayan People :

We learn from the most ancient Hindu scriptures that, the original inhabitants of the Himalayas were – the Kulinds, Kiratas and Kilinds, Kiratas and Kinnars and later texts mention the Khasas and the Darads as the inhabitants of the Himalayas. Today, three ethnic groups constitute the Himalayan population – Negroids, Mongoloids and Aryans.

Since very early times there have been migrations & settlements in and around the Himalayas. The continuous influx and inhabitation of the outsiders into this land over a period of time has significantly changed the complexion and appearance of the local populace. There have been waves of migration from Nepal to Sikkim and Kumaon, for instance, and from Tibet. At present, it is extremely difficult to differentiate the different racial lineage.

The Himalayan Hill Stations :

The Himalayan hill stations are lush and vibrant. The salubrious climate and the rich natural resource beckons several naturalist, adventurer, environmentalist and biologist to this hidden treasure of the nature. The hill stations of the Himalayas are the abode of various kinds of rare flora & fauna. Every hill station located in this region represents something different from the other. Some major hill locations here are – Gulmarg & Sonamarg, Srinagar, Ladakh, Shimla, Kullu, Manali, Dharamsala, Dalhousie, Sarahan, Nainital, Mussoorie, Rishikesh, Gangtok, Darjeeling, Kailash Mansarovar


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